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The summit of Aconcagua was finally reached in 1897 by Matthias Zurbriggen during an expedition led by Edward Fitz Gerald that lasted several months.The Andes of Bolivia were first explored by Sir William Martin Conway in 1898, who later visited the mountains of Tierra del Fuego on the southern tip of South America.Mountaineering in the Americas became popular in the 1800s. Heavily glaciated and more technical climbs in North American were not achieved until the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

New Zealand's Southern Alps were first visited in 1882 by the Reverend Green and in 1894 Tom Fyfe and party climbed Aoraki / Mount Cook. The last and greatest mountain range was the Himalayas in Central Asia.By the turn of the century, mountaineering had acquired a more international flavour; and a peak of Ruwenzori by H. They had initially been surveyed by the British Empire for military and strategic reasons.Historically, many cultures have harbored superstitions about mountains, which they often regarded as sacred due to their proximity with heaven, such as Mount Olympus for the Ancient Greeks.On April 26, 1336 famous Italian poet Petrarch climbed to the summit of 1,912m Mount Ventoux overlooking the Bay of Marseilles, claiming to be inspired by Philip V of Macedon's ascent of Mount Haemo, making him the first known alpinist.Richard Pococke and William Windham made a historic visit to Chamonix in 1741.

In 1760, the Swiss scientist, Horace-Bénédict de Saussure, offered a reward for the first person to ascend Mont Blanc in France, which was claimed in 1786. For the online project manager, see Basecamp (software).For the live music service, see Basecamp Productions.The word alpinism was born in the 19th century to refer to climbing for the purpose of enjoying climbing itself as a sport or recreation, distinct from merely climbing while hunting or as a religious pilgrimage that had been done generally at that time.The UIAA or Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme is the world governing body in mountaineering and climbing, addressing issues like access, medical, mountain protection, safety, youth and ice climbing.Focus shifted toward the exploration of other ranges such as the Pyrenees and the Caucasus Mountains; the latter owed much to the initiative of D. Freshfield who was the first man to conquer the summit of Mount Kazbek.