Small mouth bottles are difficult to clean and to fill with a water filter, or a drink mix.Some scouts and adults use a bladder system, such as Platypus or Camelbak, for easier access.Some backpacks are waterproof, but like a tent, the seams need to be sealed.
There is lots of discussion about the proper amount of weight that a boy can carry safely.It varies wildly, depending on the attitude and strength of the boy.Down bags are not good because they are ineffective when wet.The sleeping bag should have a comfort rating from 20° to 30° and should weigh no more than 3.5 pounds, but preferably less.Personal Gear (should weigh less than 15 pounds) Backpack and rain cover (garbage bag OK) Sleeping bag in a waterproof stuff sack Sleeping pad (pillow optional) Personal first aid kit Two water bottles – minimum 2 liters total Two small flashlights Scoop and toilet paper Mess Kit (bowl, cup, utensils) Light towel and/or bandanna Sunglasses Carabiner Emergency Food Personal Items (Toothbrush, soap, glasses, contact solution, medicines) Emergency Kit in a bag: compass, pocket knife, sunscreen, chap stick, signaling devices (whistle and mirror), paper and pencil, map in a waterproof bag, matches in a waterproof bag, water purifier tablets, duct tape, insect repellent, two zip lock bags, two garbage bags Nice to Have: Walking Sticks, Stool or Chair, Waterproof Watch, Camera, Mosquito Hat, Wire Saw, Spices for food, Fishing Pole Clothing – including what you wear (Should weigh less than eight pounds): Sturdy hiking boots (broken in) Water shoes/camp shoes 2-3 pair non-cotton socks 2-3 pair sock liners (optional) 2 Hiking shorts or pants (one pair of long pants and something for swimming) 0-2 pair underwear 2 T-shirts and one long sleeve shirt Rain gear or poncho Hat or Cap (Wide Brim) Warm heavy shirt, sweater, sweatshirt or jacket (no cotton) Fleece pants or long underwear bottoms Gloves or glove liners and warm hat Many new backpackers bring too many clothes.
The basic rule is wear one set of clothes and pack one change of clothes unless weather is a major consideration.
Empty Gatorade bottles are lighter but don’t last as long.
Two flashlights with new batteries: Flashlights with two AA-cell alkaline batteries are good. The “coal miner’s” head mounted flashlight provides hands free use, but weighs more.
It is even possible to be less than the “Low End Weight”, which is what you should be striving to make.
Clothing low-6.5 high-9.5 Personal Gear low-9.9 high-17.5 Tent Mate Gear low-3.1 high-4.1 Troop Gear (12 hikers) low-3.1 high-3.1 Optional Items low-0 high-6.0 Total Pack Weight low-22.6 pounds high-40.2 pounds (this is crazy high!
Sleeping Pad & Pillow: A closed-cell type foam pad (e.g., insolite or the accordion style by Z-Rest work well) is good to keep out the cold and to preserve the sleeping bag.